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ოზურგეთის ისტორიული მუზეუმი

Historical Museum Of Ozurgeti

Numismatics

Most interesting for the visitors are the numismatic collections. Guria, in Antic period was involved in the trade-economical and political relations with the leader countries and that`s why the monetary circulation starts at the territory of Guria since that period. Most ancient from the numismatic materials is ”Kolkhian Tetri”, which producing according of the researchers, belongs to Kolkheti kingdom, some part of the researchers consider that it`s a result of Greek settlements at the Black Seaside. 

The minting of the coins started in VI century of BC.  ‘Kolkhian Tetri” was circulating in Western Georgia mainly and it`s minting stopped in I part of IV century of BC. 12 items of Kolkhian Tetri are saved at the museum.

 Turkish money was also circulating widely in Guria. Guria itself was a bordering principality of Turkey and the territorial proximity was generating only trade relations, which was including also the circulation of Turkish coins. Some part of Turkish coins was explored in Likhauri and Gomi and they are dated with XVIII century. There is big number of face-values of Turkish Akhcha too. Those are silver Turkish money, minted in XV-XVII senturies. Akhcha was widely distributed in Georgia and its face-values have been minted. Here are silver European (Austrian, Italian, and Spanish)   coins too, which were explored for the moment of groundwork and well-known in the scientific literature as the treasure of Ozurgeti (Makharadze). Most ancient of them dated with XVI century, but latest one with XVII century. You can see also 10 Polish silver coins in the exhibition, which have been explored in the village Tskhemliskhidi, they were minted by King Sigismund III in 1622-1625 ys, when Ottomans crossed the straits of the Black Sea through the conquering of Constantinople and shortest way from Georgian to Europe was the river Dnepr on the way of Poland-Lithuania.   Financial circulation was following to active land plying too, that`s why the spreading of Polish coins in Georgia isn`t surprise.

Except of foreign coins, we meet to Georgian coins (minted by David Aghmashenebli, King Tamar, Rusudan, Simon I, Bakar, and Erekle II) in the exhibition too. The coin of Alexander Macedonian is special between the golden coins. There is also other coins with Turkish originality, which has been found in the Vashtiali (village Likhauri), in the yard of local dweller.

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